The Universal Declaration of Human rights is based on openness - rights which are open to all, universally. This is the best basis for peace and fairness for humanity.

Perhaps not ...

At the time the UDHR was put together (by UNESCO) it was passed round to a number of luminaries for their comments. (See the BBC Radio 4 discussion on 27/04/16).

One of whom was Ghandi, who refused to endorse it. It was the wrong way round, he said. We all have universal human duties, not rights - rights only arise from fulfilling your duties, and they can be taken away at any time. Spoken like the true karma-yogi he aspired to be (see the principle of ahimsa).

Which makes the point that 'openness' (epitomised in liberal 'openness' and 'free' trade and markets - for ideas, learning, capital accumulation, etc) is also the wrong way round. It's based on the (by now rather embarrassing) liberal premise that if only you open 'it' ........ (fill in the blank) - the market, common sense, democracy, the supreme court, etc etc, will take care of the rest.

This is a lazy (and disingenuous) approach - to open learning and MOOCs (amongst many other things). For it refuses the core issue of duty - the duty of care - which is at the heart of being human - 'do unto others ...' as the man said. There is a difference between feral capitalism and responsible capitalism, just as there is a difference between feral open learning and responsible open learning, no?

(And Western 'democracy' / 'culture' is based on 'Christian' values?)